Measures of the Harmonization of Iraqi Law with the United Nations Convention against Corruption
Keywords:Corruption, United Nations Convention against Corruption
This study aims, in its introduction and two chapters, to clarify the concept of corruption crimes and the institutional and experimental framework in light of the provisions of the United Nations Convention against Corruption. It also examines the extent to which Iraqi law is aligned with the international obligations stipulated in the UN convention. The study uses the descriptive-analytical method, which begins by describing the case under study to highlight the most important points regarding the implementation and application of the provisions of the international convention within the legislative and institutional framework of Iraqi law.
One of the most important findings of the study, which requires immediate action, is the deficiencies in the independence of Iraq's supervisory institutions in combating corruption, particularly in terms of the mechanisms for appointing their presidencies. Additionally, the study points out the lack of criminalization of bribery of employees within international institutions and organizations. Moreover, the international convention needs to be more stringent and rigorous in terms of implementation by the member states.
Therefore, it is necessary to find the appropriate solutions to amend the provisions of the international convention to grant it the necessary enforcement power to achieve its objectives, as well as to make the necessary amendments at the level of Iraqi national legislation to achieve maximum compliance and alignment with the provisions of the international convention in line with the goal of combating cross-border corruption.